Art of the American West
Collector's Choice
The West is my inspiration. . .every cloud, every critter, every colorful character.
Two Young Rascals Outwit The Trapper
Two Young Rascals Outwit The Trapper   Oil on canvas, 48" x 48"
Red Rock Retreat
Red Rock Retreat, Oil on canvas, 24" x 36"
Legend of the Bear Clan  Oil on canvas, 20" x 10"
Magic of the Mirror, Oil on linen, 12" x 9"
Ever On Guard  Oil on canvas, 36"x24"
El Patrón   Oil on canvas, 12" x 9"

Strong Warrior   oil on canvas, 3" x 3"
Pow Wow Feathers  oil on linen,12"x 9"
Eyes of Wonder  Oil on canvas, 10"x 8"

The Buffalo Robe
Buffalo (or Bison) stands for abundance. For many tribes of the Plains, buffalo provided essential sustenance; for food, clothing, and shelter. Buffalo hide robes have been important symbolic and practical articles of ornamented clothing for western Native Americans. Buffalo is a protector, the hides kept them warm and safe. Bison robes were worn by both sexes instead of overcoats to give protection against the elements. The robes also doubled as canvases for representing belief systems or experiences of individuals or the society as a whole. The decoration of hides could be a very organized undertaking that was highly esteemed in the society. During summer months, the robes would be worn with the fur-side out, and during the winter, with the fur inside, for warmth. With the fur inside, the decorated hide would be revealed. Robes for Native American women were typically painted with geometric patterns; robes for men were painted with pictorial scenes that described events or visions experienced by the wearer. Each time the person who wore this robe that displayed the visual representations of courageous acts in battle, it re-established his social status within his community. Hides were important as trade items in intertribal trade and especially as major trade items in trade with non-natives, for highly valued European made goods.

Another area where tanned robes found use was in various religious ceremonies that required representation of the Bison or its significance to the people. Participants would wear or use the robe to represent or call upon these properties. Black Elk, the Lakota holy man, has described the use for robes in almost all of the sacred rites of his tribe. The hair of the buffalo was believed to contain the soul of the animal. Joseph Epes Brown says in his book on Black Elk: "The buffalo was to the Sioux the most important of all four-legged animals, for it supplied their food, their clothing, and even their houses, which were made from the tanned hides. Because the buffalo contained all these things within himself he was a natural symbol of the universe, the totality of all manifested forms. Everything is symbolically contained within this animal". The list is endless, further products made of buffalo skins include tipi covers, clothes, shields, boats, bags etc. A buffalo hide is a very versatile article.

So Proudly Worn   Oil on canvas, 16" x 12"
Awaiting the Battle Cry   oil on linen, 16" x 12"
Her Strength Was Essential, Oil on Linen, 24" x 18"